Opioid substitution therapy reduces HIV-, drug-related mortality among individuals with HIV, drug addiction

Study findings presented at the 2015 International AIDS Society Conference show that individuals with HIV who inject drugs had lower HIV- and drug-related mortality after receiving opioid substitution treatment.

Bohdan Nosyk, PhD, of the British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS in Vancouver, and colleagues analyzed population-level data for British Columbia from 1996 to 2010 to determine the independent and combined effects of opioid substitution treatment and highly active antiretroviral therapy (ART) on mortality among individuals with HIV who inject drugs (n = 1,727).

During a median of 5.1 years of follow-up, 28.5% of the study cohort died; 18.7% due to drug-related caused and 55.8% due to HIV-related causes.

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